Many survivors have cognitive (thinking) difficulties after a brain injury. It is these cognitive changes that often concern survivors and families the most. This tip card lists common cognitive changes after a brain injury and provides checklists for survivors, families and caregivers to identify affected areas. Each list is followed with suggestions for compensatory strategies. By trying these strategies, you can explore what works best for you and your family. These checklists can be used in discussions with your doctor, therapists or caregivers.